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Survey attitude, nonresponse, and attrition in a probability-based online panel

A high response of the sample units approached is one of the cornerstones of survey research (Groves, 1989) and the growing nonresponse has been a constant worry of survey statisticians all over the world (De Leeuw & De Heer, 2002). Several theories on the reasons for nonresponse and panel attrition have been developed over the years (Stoop, 2005). Survey climate and attitudes towards surveys are key concepts in these theories (Loosveldt and Storms, 2008). De Leeuw and colleagues (2010) proposed a brief nine-item scale to measure a person’s survey attitude. It consists of three sub-constructs: survey enjoyment, survey value, and… Read More »Survey attitude, nonresponse, and attrition in a probability-based online panel

Accomplishing the micro-macro transformation with richly parametrized linear models

While many sociologists focus on contextual drivers of individual behavior (e.g. neighborhoods on individuals), there are few studies on the ways individual behaviors influence social environment. One reason for the dearth of empirical work supporting micro-to-macro links is that there is no method available within regression analysis to properly study this. We developed a conceptually reversed hierarchical linear model (HLM) that utilizes the ‘multiple membership’ variant of the HLM to incorporate an aggregation function into regression modeling. Previous studies examining micro-to-macro links either aggregated or disaggregated the data. These approaches obstruct the inherent aggregation problem, cannot separate micro- and macro-level… Read More »Accomplishing the micro-macro transformation with richly parametrized linear models

Socio-economic status and the self-evaluation of school performance

Since for high-schoolers many consequential life choices lie still ahead, it is crucial that their choices suit their abilities. Among other things, students’ misperception of their academic ability can lead to educational misinvestment with potentially severe consequences. While previous research has documented gender differences in the self-perception of academic performance, disparities by socioeconomic status (SES) have not been investigated. This paper redresses the gap. Drawing on the German National Educational Panel Study, I examine disparities in the ability to self-evaluate academic performance by SES. Specifically, I rank school grades and academic self-concepts of 15-year-olds within each class to analyze whether… Read More »Socio-economic status and the self-evaluation of school performance

Cross-SES friendship and intergenerational mobility in the US

Intergenerational mobility has attracted growing attention in sociology and economics as an important component of inclusive growth, sustainable poverty reduction, and greater equality. While previous research has carefully examined temporal and geographical dimensions of intergenerational mobility, the network dimension, in particular the structure of peer interactions, has untapped potential for theoretical and empirical advancement. The available research on the consequences of network dynamics for social stratification has concentrated on homophily as the key principle structuring friendship networks, showing that SES-based homophily reinforces social stratification (DiMaggio and Garip 2012; Manzo 2013; McPherson, Smith-Lovin, and Cook 2001; Tsvetkova, Wagner, and Mao 2018).… Read More »Cross-SES friendship and intergenerational mobility in the US